Gorkha district is a part of Gandaki Pradesh which is one of the seventy-seven districts of Nepal. It is connected historically with the creation of the modern Nepal and the name of the legendary Gurkha soldiers. The district with Pokharithok (Gorkha), later known as Prithvi Narayan Nagarpalika and now known as Gorkha Nagarpalika is its district headquarter. The temples of great sage Gorakh Nath and goddess Gorakh Kali temple is located in this district, after which the district got its name. And also, it is the location of the Manakamana Temple.
Gorkha is the historic birthplace of Prithvi Narayan Shah, who unified the kingdoms of Nepal in 1769. It preserves much of its centuries old charm with the main Durbar Palace as the central attraction. It is home to the bravest of the brave troops in the world, Gurkha. Before, Nepal was divided into small kingdoms until when Prithvi Narayan Shah, the first king of Nepal had the vision to unite small kingdoms into a singular strength. From the Gorkha only, this vision of present-day Nepal was sketched. Gorkha lies in the midway between Kathmandu and Pokhara. It is about 145 km west of Kathmandu and 60 km east of Pokhara.
Places to visit in Gorkha
The Gorkha Durbar built in the 16th century is a fort, palace and temple all in one. The durbar rests at the top of the hill with the beautiful views of Trisuli river and magnificent peaks of Annapurna, Manaslu and Ganesh Himalayas. Since the durbar is a religious site the visitors should take off their leather shoes and belts before entering the durbar. The 360-degree view of the Gorkha village can be seen from the palace which makes the palace a vantage point. Only the Brahmin priest and the kin can enter the temple. However, the non-Hindus are allowed to look the places from the terrace. There is a former palace of Prithvi Narayan Shah towards the east called Dhuni Pati.
The museum of Gorkha is inside the tallo durbar. It was built in 1835 which is in Newari style. The beautiful courtyard with carved windows and doors, is such a pleasant place to wander around. The museum displays the paintings and artifacts from the ancient days of Prithvi Narayan Shah. The cannons, rifles, arrows and even the throne of King Prithvi Narayan Shah can be seen inside the museum.
The Gorakhnath and Kalika Temple
The Gorakhnath temple lies 10meters below the north of the palace. It is a religious site for the Brahmins and Chhetries. On the occasion of Baisakh Purnima they celebrate a great fare every year. The Kalika temple stands on the western half of the Durbar building. Except the priests no one is allowed to visit the interior part of the temple. Worshippers visit the temple with a goat or a chicken, scarify it in the temple and leave the head in the temple taking back the body.
Manakamana temple lies in the Gorkha district of Nepal and is the temple of a Hindu goddess. The temple stands on the top of the hill about 1300 meters. It is about 105 km west of Kathmandu. It is believed that the goddess fulfils the wishes of the one who worships her with devotion. The name Manakamana is derived from two words, Mana which means heart and Kamana means wish. Cable cars operate from Kurintar that takes the visitors on the hill where the temple lies in just 10 to 12 minutes.
This enchanted valley is a beautiful and sacred pilgrimage site situated in northern Gorkha. It is often included as a part of the Manaslu trek. Tsum valley is one of the less well-known and more recently opened up areas for trekking. This valley has its own distinctive culture, influenced by Tibetan culture. There are statues of Avalokiteshwara, Buddha and Tara in a monastery nearby. The footprint of Milerapa can also be seen.