Solukhumbu, located in eastern part of Nepal is one of the 14 districts of Province No. 1. The headquarter of Solukhumbu is Salleri which covers an area of 3.312 km2 and had a population 107,686 in 2001 census and 105,886 in 2011 census. Indigenous ethnic groups of Kulung, Kirat, Rai and hill caste Chhetri are living in the mid-hills, while Sherpas occupy the high mountains. Solukhumbu is quite famous in world for Mountain tourism.
Here are the places from Solukhumbu which are listed in the travel destination that has been specified by the government of Nepal for 100 Destination for the tourism year promotion in the year of 2019-2020-2021.
- Mount Everest
- Panch Pokhari
The Mount Everest, with a peak elevation of 29,035 feet (8848 meters) is the highest peak in the world. Mount Everest is also called as Sagarmatha in Nepali language where as Chomolungma in Tibetan language. Sagarmatha stands as a “Ocean Mother” in Sanskrit and Chomolungma stands as a “Goddess mother of the world”. Including the highest point on the Earth’s Surface, Sagarmatha is the tallest mountain in the world. Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay were the first person who climb the summit on May 29th, 1953. Approximately 4,000 people have attempted to climb Mt. Everest. AMong them, 660 have successfully climbed and 142 died trying to climb Mt. Everest. A good time to climb Everest is in early May before the monsoon season.
Lower Solukhumbu trek offers popular lake Panch Pokhari, located in eastern part of Nepal in Solukhumbu district at Makalu Barun National Park area. The lower route to Panch Pokhari valley trek is a new trekking trail. It is surrounded by natural beauty, biological diversity and the cultural heritage. The trek starts from Phaplu/Salleri (district head quarter), passing through Nele bazaar, Bogal tamang village, Budhi danda. The lake is situated in the arms of beautiful Himalayan range. From here green valley, mountain views, views of dramatic landscape, especially hill and hillocks and crossing Dudh Koshi river can be seen. This lake has great religious value among Hindu and Buddhist. This trek is suitable for the people who want to take new experience of peak climbing along with adventurous trek in Nepal during their visit.
Places to visit
Syangboche,one of the most loved and enchanting places throughout the world, lies at the lap of Khumbila on the top of Namche Bazaar. The airport of world located at the highest altitude remains at Syangboche. Helicopter and Pilatus Porter Flight services operate regularly to and from this place. From here, one can have a clear view of Mt. Everest that lies in the midst of towering Himalayan ranges. Himalayas that can be observed from here include Mt. Everest, Nuptse, Lhotse, Tawache, Khumbila, Amadablam, Thamserku, Kusum Kangaru, Tashi Lhaptsa, Nangbala etc.
Sagarmatha National park
Sagarmatha National Park is home of the highest peak in the world that is Mt. Everest (8848m) which was declared national park in 1976. It is full of rugged terrain with glaciers, deep gorges and huge rocks. The park has a variety of wildlife and over 118 species of bird that includes Himalayan monal, red-billed chough, yellow-billed chough, and blood pheasant. It also encompasses a large variety of rare mammals such as musk deer, snow leopard, Himalayan black bear and red pandas. Other species include Tibetan snow cock, pheasant, Himalayan thars, Langur monkeys, and martens and Himalayan wolves. The park is also a unique collection of various plants. The lower zone is a forest of birch, juniper, blue pines, firs, bamboo and rhododendron. Moving upwards, the vegetation is replaced by dwarf plants and shrubs and is limited to lichens and mosses in the higher altitudes.
Tengboche Monastery (Thyangboche or Dawa Choling Gompa) is a Tibetan Buddhist monastery in the Khumbu valley located at an altitude of 3867m. It is one of the most famous and largest monastery in the entire region. It is perched on a hill, at the junction of Dudh Koshi and Imja Khola rivers. Mt. Ama Dablam forms a stunning backdrop to the location.
Namche Bazaar is a gateway to the high Himalayas and known for offering wonderful views of the snow-capped mountains. It is located on the slope of an arch-shaped mountain which allows to observe the sights of glorious mountain peaks throughout the valley day and night. It is also a prosperous market town selling everything from Tibetan artefacts to trekking and climbing equipment.